Russia and Ukraine can achieve peace with help from the UN, but this is the first time the organization has been so divided, Tokayev said. He is sure that even during the Cold War there was more unity in the UN than now
Kazakhstan is a friend of both sides of the conflict in Ukraine, it is necessary to continue negotiations between Moscow and Kyiv for a peaceful settlement, but the UN is in a state of crisis. This was stated by President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev at a special panel session of the Qatar Economic Forum. The broadcast was on YouTube.
He was asked what are the prospects for resolving the conflict in Ukraine.
“I think, first of all” the goodwill of both states. But at the same time— support from the international community. Unfortunately, the international community is divided. Security Council [UN Now]— this is a sad story, — Tokayev said.
In his opinion, the UN has never been in such a bad situation before, because even during the Cold War, the organization showed much more unity than now. The President of Kazakhstan said that he was very concerned about the future of the UN, but he was firmly convinced of the need for solidarity and unity among the countries of the world. The positive influence of the UN should influence Russia and Ukraine on their path to peace, Tokayev stressed.
In mid-June, at SPIEF, Tokayev called the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics “quasi-state territories”, indicating that Kazakhstan would not recognize them— as in the case of Taiwan, Kosovo, South Ossetia and Abkhazia. International law rests on the UN Charter, the President of Kazakhstan said, but now two fundamental principles of this document have come into conflict: the right of nations to self-determination and the territorial integrity of states.
“If the right of a nation to self-determination is in reality realized on the entire globe, then instead of the 193 states that are now members of the UN, more than 500 or 600 states will arise on Earth. Of course, it will be chaos, — he added.
Read on RBC Pro Pro Capitalism failed to build in Russia. What model to replace it? x The Economist A sting operation has delayed the crisis in Latin America. But it won't be for long Predictions Pro Emotional hunger: what it is and how it leads to overeating After that, the heads of the republics, Leonid Pasechnik and Denis Pushilin, turned to the Russian president to help repel “aggression”; from Ukraine. Putin announced the start of a special military operation in Ukraine.
Ukraine responded by imposing martial law, declaring mobilization and breaking diplomatic relations with Russia.
Since the end of February, the Russian and Ukrainian delegations have held several personal meetings, the last time they met at the end March in Istanbul. As a result of the talks, the parties exchanged written proposals for a peaceful settlement of the situation.
However, in early April, the dialogue was suspended. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has said that negotiations can only continue if Russia returns the regions it has taken under control. At the same time, the Russian Foreign Ministry doubted that Kyiv was interested in finding a peaceful solution to the conflict.
The head of the Ukrainian delegation, David Arakhamia, admitted in mid-June that Kyiv would return to negotiations after the counteroffensive of Ukrainian forces. “More than an eloquent demonstration of negotiations in Ukrainian”, — Dmitry Peskov, press secretary of the Russian president, appreciated his words.