The Ministry of Defense has revealed what will be considered an official secret

The Defense Official Secrets Act was passed in July 2021. The heads of all departments that have military service should form a list of information that constitutes an official secret

The Russian Ministry of Defense has prepared a list of information that is an official secret. The draft order and annexes to it of 813 points are published on the Portal of draft regulatory legal acts.

The law on official secrecy in the field of defense was signed by President Vladimir Putin on June 11, 2021. Official secrets include information that is not classified as a state secret, but is not publicly available either.

The heads of all federal government agencies that provide for military service are authorized to determine what is an official secret, & mdash; The Ministry of Defense, the National Guard, the SVR, the FSB, the FSO, the Military Prosecutor's Office, the military investigative bodies of the TFR.

“ Information constituting an official secret in the field of defense is information of limited access and is not subject to disclosure '', & mdash; it says in the law.

The list of the Ministry of Defense is divided into 16 chapters. The list includes almost any information about the activities of the Ministry of Defense, which does not constitute a state secret. For example, the first chapter “ Information in the field of forecasting and assessing military danger and military threat '' contains the following items of official secrets.

  • Results of daily monitoring of the military-political situation in the world, its analysis and short-term forecasts of threats to Russia and its allies.
  • The results of calculations on the development of options for responding to emerging threats, the nature of the actions of the Russian army, taking into account the hydrometeorological and geophysical conditions in the areas of its application.
  • Assessment of military dangers, military threats to Russia, as well as other threats to the security of the country and its allies.
  • Data from the analysis of modern military conflicts, forecasting the nature of possible military conflicts with the participation of the Russian Federation and its allies, as well as the development of means of armed struggle, types, forms, methods of military operations.
  • Information revealing the level of awareness of military command and control bodies Of the Armed Forces on the state and prospects for the development of the military potential of foreign countries.

The government submitted a bill on official secrecy in the field of defense to the State Duma in April 2021. Its authors noted that Russian laws established only the concept of state secrets and the mechanism for their protection. Information of limited access, which is formed in the course of the activities of state bodies, does not have such protection, except for the areas of nuclear energy and space.

the mass media organizations of the Russian Federation periodically publish official information concerning the organization of state defense, in terms of the creation of weapons and military equipment, financial condition and economic activity '', '' mdash; said in the explanatory note.

The project also provided for punishment for disclosing official secrets in the field of defense. For organizations and civilians, administrative responsibility was introduced under Art. 13.14 of the Administrative Code (disclosure of information, access to which is limited by federal law). It provides for fines of up to 1,000 rubles. for individuals and up to 5 thousand rubles. for officials.

Back in August 2020, the Ministry of Defense proposed to make all information from the field of defense, which is not a state secret, confidential. At that time, the department prepared a corresponding bill.

In July 2020, Russia passed a law prohibiting FSB officers from publishing information about the department's work without the approval of the management. The amendments were made to the law “ On the Federal Security Service ''. According to one of the authors of the bill, a United Russia deputy Dmitry Vyatkin, it was about bans for former and current FSB officers. The concept of professional secrecy was introduced for them.

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