Expert's answer 0 + –
When it gets colder after the thaw, the roofs of houses are overgrown with ice. Frost covers the main part of the roof, and the stalactites hanging on its edges we call icicles. Or icicles. Ten years ago, then still the governor of St. Petersburg Valentina Matvienko suggested knocking down suckers “ from city roofs with a laser or steam. '' Around the same time, some public utilities began to write on the signs not only “ Caution, icicles! '', But also “ Caution, suckers! ''. Is there a difference between these terms for experts in the field of housing and communal services, philology and meteorology, read the material AiF.ru.
There is no such meteorological phenomenon as icicles, or icicles, in meteorology, says a leading employee of the Phobos weather center; Evgeny Tishkovets … According to the forecaster, when making weather forecasts, for example, indicators of ice or ice are taken into account, but they did not suck. & Nbsp;
“ For us, there is no difference between icicles and icicles. We do not use these terms in our work. But people, I think, should be frightened by such things and not be ashamed. So many accidents occur due to falling icicles … If about a kilogram of icicles falls from the height of a 3-5-storey building, then the impact force will be almost the same as from the cartridge. Basically, it's like a headshot & raquo ;, & mdash; noted Tishkovets.
Origin of words
But for philologists, the difference between “ icicles '' and 'icicles' obvious. First, the word “ icy '' it is used much less frequently than icicle. Secondly, there is a difference in the order of origin of these words, believes Head of the Department of Stylistics of the Russian Language, Scientific Secretary of the Academic Council of the Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov Vladimir Slavkin .
“ Initially there is the word sosulya, then with the help of the suffix & bdquo; to & ldquo; a diminutive form of & mdash; icicle & raquo ;, & mdash; noted Slavkin.
He also added that the dictionaries do not provide accurate information on when the word “ suck '' came into use. But there is information that in the literature of the XX century, some authors have already actively used it. In particular, in the “ Carpentry Tales '' (1968) of the writer Vasily Belov, famous for his works on village life, there is such a phrase: “ But the sun was already melting the golden drops, which, even in the evening, drop by drop had been soldering icy icicles on the jams. ''
< strong> Suck more icicles
According to Vladimir Slavkin, because of the suffix “ k '' it can be assumed that the size of the icicle is much smaller than the icicle.
“ Suffix & bdquo; to & ldquo; forms a diminutive form. Like a drop & mdash; droplet. Sosulya & mdash; icicle. Probably more icicles than icicles. This is probably why Valentina Ivanovna Matvienko once suggested shooting them down with a laser '', & mdash; explained the philologist.
According to the philologist, 'icicles' and 'sucked' is in the dictionary of Vladimir Dahl and in the information and reference system of the National Corpus of the Russian language, which means that both of these words can be used in speech as equals.
“ Both options are absolutely correct and are part of the Russian vocabulary. Therefore, one cannot say that some of them are incorrect. The words are recorded in the dictionaries of the Russian language. This is more about prevalence. Someone likes icicles more, others sucked ', & mdash; Vladimir Slavkin emphasized.
The opinion of an expert in the field of housing and communal services
What to remove from roofs & mdash; icicles or icicles & mdash; it doesn't matter to the public. The main thing is that utilities do this in a timely manner, without waiting for the ice on the roof to reach critical dimensions, said Tatyana Ivanova, a member of the Association of Chairmen of Moscow Region Councils Councils, a member of the Public Chamber of the Moscow Region, … The expert noted that the decree of the State Construction Committee of the Russian Federation of September 27, 2003 states that the organizations responsible for servicing the MKD should perform “ removal of icicles and icicles ''; as needed. ''
“ Now the frost will subside a little, everything will flow, and, accordingly, the icicles will begin to fall. Therefore, it is better not to let them grow up to one meter in size. It grows by 20 centimeters, it can already be knocked down. They need to be removed as necessary '', & mdash; said the expert.
Responsible for cleaning icicles from roofs
“ The management company is responsible for the maintenance of the MKD roof. It can have its own staff, or it can hire contractors on a contractual basis. In any case, the Criminal Code should monitor the work and maintenance of the house. For improper roof maintenance, she could face a fine of up to 250 thousand rubles '', & mdash; said Ivanova.
Responsible for cleaning icicles from balconies
It is important to note that if the management company should be engaged in the maintenance of the roof of the house, then the owners of the MKD should knock down the icicles from the balconies, the expert said. The Criminal Code can only send them a notification about the need to clear the balcony of ice and icicles. If the tenant, for example, is elderly, then he has the right to contact the management company for help.
“ People walk past the house. The roof can be clean, and icicles hang on the balcony and then fall. The management company will immediately fly here. But when they begin to figure it out, it may turn out that the Criminal Code promptly sent a notification to the owner about the removal of the icicles, but he ignored these letters. In this case, the owner is threatened with the recovery of the cost of the work performed by the Criminal Code to clean his balcony through the court '', & mdash; added Ivanova.