How are mittens different from mittens?

Mittens. Photo:

Mittens differ from mittens in that they are knitted, and mittens are usually sewn either from cloth, or from fleece, or from fur skins. This type of clothing retains heat well, unlike gloves, since individually the fingers quickly freeze. & Nbsp;

In the annals, the first mentions of mittens date back to the 13th century, however, according to historians, in fact, they were worn by peasants even earlier. They used this garment for various jobs in any weather. Mittens were knitted, canvas, fur, sometimes long, up to the elbow. Peasants could put on several pairs of mittens at the same time: first knitted mittens (undersides), and then fur, leather or cloth mittens.

Mittens. Photo:

Where did the word 'mitten' come from?

Ushakov's Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language says that the mitten & mdash; It is a knitted mitten with one thumb, as opposed to a glove. In turn, the Dictionary of the Russian Language Ozhegova specifies that the mitten & mdash; this is a soft winter mitten.

In the Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language; IN AND. Dahl's mitten is explained as follows: “ One-fingered knitted woolen mitt, which is usually fitted under a leather one. '' & Nbsp;

There are several versions of the origin of this word. According to one of the versions put forward by the Russian and German linguist Max Fasmer , the word 'mitten' comes from the phrase “ Varangian mitten ''. In his opinion, this piece of clothing was borrowed from the Varangians. These words have a difference in stress: in & aacute; rezhka and Varyag.

Linguists hypothesize that the borrowing of this word occurred at a time when the form with the original stress * in & aacute; ryag (from Old Norse * v & aacute; ringr) was still preserved in the Old Russian language, and the word in & aacute; rega, together with the designated thing, entered Russian language around XIII & ndash; XIV century. as a result of Russian-Scandinavian trade contacts.

According to another version, the word “ mitten '' comes from the Old Russian verb “ to protect ''. The famous linguist Nikolai Shansky adhered to this version. He found a convincing phonetic and semantic similarity with the Old Russian verb variti, which means to protect, protect, warn.

According to the third version, the name of the mittens received from the process of their processing & mdash; knitted mittens could be boiled to add density. Woolen mittens were first knitted and then boiled in boiling water to make them denser and warmer.

What else were the mittens called? & nbsp;

There used to be a lot of names for mittens: knits, braids, ties, sleeves & mdash; they were usually knitted; wire rods, felts & mdash; the so-called mittens, which were rolled, like felt boots, and from fur they sewed & mdash; fur coats, bush and bush. In the dictionary of V.I. Dahl, the following words are listed as synonyms for mittens: bundle, bundle, bundle, bundle, bundle. Also, in different dialects, the following names were used: velyanka, wire rod, overhead, underside, doorkeeper, braids, diyanka.

What does the word “ mitten '' mean? & Nbsp;

The word “ mitten '' ; formed from two roots: arm + twist, that is, “ wrapping the arm ''. In many Slavic languages ​​there are such names: in Ukrainian & mdash; mittens, in Polish & mdash; rękawiczki, in Czech & mdash; rukavice, etc. & nbsp; Belarusian varyzhki is considered a borrowing from Russian. The Slavic languages ​​also have the word “ nogavitsa '' & mdash; clothing that wraps around the leg, that is, trousers, pants, legs, stockings or socks.

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